Leadership Responsibilities for Quality on Audits:
The engagement partner shall take responsibility for the overall quality on each audit engagement to which that partner is assigned.
Relevant Ethical Requirements:
- Throughout the audit engagement, the engagement partner shall remain alert, through observation and making inquiries as necessary, for evidence of non-compliance with relevant ethical requirements by members of the engagement team.
- If matters come to the engagement partner’s attention through the firm’s system of quality control or otherwise that indicate that members of the engagement team have not complied with relevant ethical requirements, the engagement partner, in consultation with others in the firm, shall determine the appropriate action.
The engagement partner shall form a conclusion on compliance with independence requirements that apply to the audit engagement. In doing so, the engagement partner shall:
- Obtain relevant information from the firm and, where applicable, network firms, to identify and evaluate circumstances and relationships that create threats to independence;
- Evaluate information on identified breaches, if any, of the firm’s independence policies and procedures to determine whether they create a threat to independence for the audit engagement; and
- Take appropriate action to eliminate such threats or reduce them to an acceptable level by applying safeguards, or, if considered appropriate, to withdraw from the audit engagement, where withdrawal is possible under applicable law or regulation. The engagement partner shall promptly report to the firm any inability to resolve the matter for appropriate action.
Acceptance and Continuance of Client Relationships and Audit Engagements:
- The engagement partner shall be satisfied that appropriate procedures regarding the acceptance and continuance of client relationships and audit engagements have been followed, and shall determine that conclusions reached in this regard are appropriate.
- If the engagement partner obtains information that would have caused the firm to decline the audit engagement had that information been available earlier, the engagement partner shall communicate that information promptly to the firm, so that the firm and the engagement partner can take the necessary action.
Assignment of Engagement Teams:
The engagement partner shall be satisfied that the engagement team, and any auditor’s experts who are not part of the engagement team, collectively have the appropriate competence and capabilities to:
- Perform the audit engagement in accordance with professional standards and applicable legal and regulatory requirements; and
- Enable an auditor’s report that is appropriate in the circumstances to be issued.
Direction, Supervision and Performance:
The engagement partner shall take responsibility for:
- The direction, supervision and performance of the audit engagement in compliance with professional standards and applicable legal and regulatory requirements; and
- The auditor’s report being appropriate in the circumstances.
- The engagement partner shall take responsibility for reviews being performed in accordance
with the firm’s review policies and procedures.
- On or before the date of the auditor’s report, the engagement partner shall, through a review of the audit documentation and discussion with the engagement team, be satisfied that sufficient appropriate audit evidence has been obtained to support the conclusions reached and for the auditor’s report to be issued.
The engagement partner shall:
- Take responsibility for the engagement team undertaking appropriate consultation on difficult or contentious matters;
- Be satisfied that members of the engagement team have undertaken appropriate consultation during the course of the engagement, both within the engagement team and between the engagement team and others at the appropriate level within or outside the firm
- Be satisfied that the nature and scope of, and conclusions resulting from, such consultations are agreed with the party consulted; and
- Determine that conclusions resulting from such consultations have been implemented.
Engagement Quality Control Review:
- For audits of financial statements of listed entities, and those other audit engagements, if any, for which the firm has determined that an engagement quality control review is required, the engagement partner shall:
a. Determine that an engagement quality control reviewer has been appointed;
b. Discuss significant matters arising during the audit engagement, including those identified during the engagement quality control review, with the engagement quality control reviewer; and
c. Not date the auditor’s report until the completion of the engagement quality control review.
- The engagement quality control reviewer shall perform an objective evaluation of the significant judgments made by the engagement team, and the conclusions reached in formulating the auditor’s report. This evaluation shall involve:
a. Discussion of significant matters with the engagement partner;
b. Review of the financial statements and the proposed auditor’s report;
c. Review of selected audit documentation relating to the significant judgments the engagement team made and the conclusions it reached; and
d. Evaluation of the conclusions reached in formulating the auditor’s report and consideration of whether the proposed auditor’s report is appropriate.
- For audits of financial statements of listed entities, the engagement quality control reviewer, on performing an engagement quality control review, shall also consider the following:
a. The engagement team’s evaluation of the firm’s independence in relation to the audit engagement;
b. Whether appropriate consultation has taken place on matters involving differences of opinion or other difficult or contentious matters, and the conclusions arising from those consultations; and
c. Whether audit documentation selected for review reflects the work performed in relation to the significant judgments and supports the conclusions reached.
Differences of Opinion:
If differences of opinion arise within the engagement team, with those consulted or, where applicable, between the engagement partner and the engagement quality control reviewer, the engagement team shall follow the firm’s policies and procedures for dealing with and resolving differences of opinion.
An effective system of quality control includes a monitoring process designed to provide the firm with reasonable assurance that its policies and procedures relating to the system of quality control are relevant, adequate, and operating effectively. The engagement partner shall consider the results of the firm’s monitoring process as evidenced in the latest information circulated by the firm and, if applicable, other network firms and whether deficiencies noted in that information may affect the audit engagement.
- The auditor shall include in the audit documentation:
a. Issues identified with respect to compliance with relevant ethical requirements and how they were resolved.
b. Conclusions on compliance with independence requirements that apply to the audit engagement, and any relevant discussions with the firm that support these conclusions.
c. Conclusions reached regarding the acceptance and continuance of client relationships and audit engagements.
d. The nature and scope of, and conclusions resulting from, consultations undertaken during the course of the audit engagement.
- The engagement quality control reviewer shall document, for the audit engagement reviewed, that:
a. The procedures required by the firm’s policies on engagement quality control review have been performed;
b. The engagement quality control review has been completed on or before the date of the auditor’s report; and
c. The reviewer is not aware of any unresolved matters that would cause the reviewer to believe that the significant judgments the engagement team made and the conclusions it reached were not appropriate.